In the field

Archaeology investigates the past of a place by SURVEY. This can be from the air, by satellite, or drone, or on the surface by picking up pottery or under the surface using geophysical prospection or tested at depth using test pits or trenches to find where the intact archaeology starts. The results were mapped at Castronovo showing numerous settlements of different periods and details of the military system employed at its fort.

Excavation at key areas follows. The area to be excavated is marked out and the mixed deposits at the top removed by machine. Then we use shovels, spades, forks, hoes and rakes to remove the layers one at a time setting aside the finds of pottery, metalwork, glass, and animal bone found within each.

Every deposit of soil (context) and every man-made pit or wall (feature) is mapped and described. The pottery, metalwork and glass are dated (saying when they were made) and provenanced (saying where they came from). Then every past activity that has been detected is put into order in a diagram (a stratification diagram) and divided into events, phases and period by date.

Before the whole story can be told, the microscopic analyses must be completed. These are done in the lab.

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Field Survey

Field Survey

Find out more about the project's approach to field survey and view some of our finds!

Drone Survey

Drone Survey

The project undertook drone-based survey in different study locations. See how this helped us in our work.

Geophysics

Geophysics

Geophysics played a key role in the project's field investigations. Learn more about how and why these investigations were undertaken.

Trial excavation

Trial excavation

Trial excavations helped inform us about the archaeology below the surface in several different project locations.

Area excavation

Area excavation

Area excavation was undertaken in selected locations during the project and revealed important information.

Building recording

Building recording

TBC...